Buxa Tiger Reserve or Buxa National Park

Buxa Tiger Reserve

Buxa Tiger Reserve or Buxa National Park set up at the north-eastern corner of West Bengal bordering Bhutan and Assam in the Alipurduar District is a protected Forest Reserve of Dooars. Buxa Tiger Reserve was created in 1983 as the 15th tiger reserve in India. Before getting the status of National Park, the dense forest of Buxa was once well-known for dolomite mining in the North Bengal Region. Spread over an area of 745 sq km, Buxa is a famous tourist place in North Bengal and Dooars Region. Buxa derived its name from the famous Buxa Fort. Buxa Fort is a historic fort sited midst the dense forest used by the British rulers of India as a high security prison and detention camp in the 1930s. Buxa National Park has a great collection of rare orchids and medicinal plants making it a must visit places in Dooars for the botany enthusiast traveling in North Bengal region. The diversity of mammals in Buxa Tiger Reserve ranks second highest among all the Tiger Reserves of India. Apart from Bengal Tiger, there many exquisite wild animals like leopard, Wild Dogs, Malayan Giant Squirrels, Mongooses, Asian Elephant, Gaur, Hog Deer, Wild Buffalo, 3 varieties of Pythons, Monitor Lizard and different species of land tortoises in Buxa National Park. The best way to spot all these exquisite wildlife is by indulging in Buxa Tiger Reserve Safari. The Buxa Tiger Reserve Safari is one of the famous tourist activities of Buxa National Park.

Sightseeing at Buxa National Park

There are many historic and pictorial places to visits within the dense forest of Buxa National Park.

Buxa Fort

Buxa Fort known for being the oldest forts in Eastern India is a famous sightseeing place of Dooars region. The ancient fort of Buxa is situated at an altitude of 867 meters on the Sinchula Range of the Eastern Himalayas. Buxa Fort is one of the must visit places in Buxa Tiger Reserve. Although only the ruins of Buxa Fort remain it is still a place of National Heritage. Many patriotic Indians traveler to Dooars to visit Buxa Fort as this was the place where the British detained many freedom fighters including Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Prior to British Era Buxa Fort was an object of discussion between the Kings of Bhutan & the Koch Kings, since the fort guarded Silk Route, one of the most important routes to Bhutan. Later on November 11, 1865, British captured the Buxa Fort and converted it into a high security prison to detain the freedom fighters during Indian Revolution.


Located along the Jayanti River, which forms a natural border with the Bhutan hills, this beautiful place offers all the peace and calmness that is so missing in our busy city life. Jayanti is another favored sightseeing place of Buxa National Park. Although the Jayanti River is mostly dry, its shores of white pebbles add to the eternal beauty which never ceases to amaze the travelers visiting Buxa Tiger Reserve. Going through the dense sub-tropical forest of Buxa Tiger Reserve to reach Jayanti is an amazing experience. The route leading towards Jayanti is a huge tourist attraction of Dooars Region. Spotting a herd of Elephant or plenty of Peacocks or Barking Deers are the most common sights seen on the way the Jayanti. Apart from enjoying the beauty of nature and taking a bath in the cool river stream of Jayanti there are quite a few places nearby Jayanti that are worth a visit. Located about 4 Km from Jayanti, Pokhari Hill is a must-visit sightseeing destination of Jayanti. There is a sacred lake in Pokhari Hill making it is a place of religious worship for the Bhutanese and other local people.

Mahakal Cave

Jayanti Mahakal located along the shores of the Jayanti River and shares its natural border with the hills of Bhutan is another favored sightseeing place of Buxa National Park. It is another popular destination for covering a trek of around 13 km from Buxa Tiger Reserve. Mahakal Cave is a cylindrical cave dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is one of the must visit places of Buxa National Park. The trek to reach Mahakal Cave runs through the dense forests of Buxa that are known for the amazing bird look. The trek from Buxa Tiger Reserve to Mahakal Cave is brief and lasts for one hour and half-hour. There are 3 caves located adjacent to Mahakal Cave. All the caves are adorned with the idols deities. The primary cave has the idols of the trinity of Brahma Vishnu and Maheshwara. The second and also the middle one host the idol of Lord Shiva whereas of the third one dwells the god Mahakali. It is believed that Mahakal Cave is very ancient and the idol of Shiva is a self manifested one. The best time to go to the Mahakal cave is at the time of Shivaratri. Also, the place is gorgeous throughout the year however it should be avoided during the rainy season because the cave itself becomes slightly inaccessible. The beautiful stalagmite cave of Mahakal never ceases to amaze the travelers.

Where To Stay In Buxa National Park

There are many accommodation facilities in and around Buxa Tiger Reserve for the visitors. West Bengal Forest Department Corporation Ltd (WBFDC) has built a Forest Bungalow on the periphery of Buxa National Park. Buxa Tiger Reserve Forest Bungalow is known to be one of the most preferred places to stay in Dooars.

How To Reach Buxa Tiger Reserve

Located 23 KMs from Alipurduar visitors can easily reach Buxa Tiger Reserve by boarding a train for Alipurduar Railway Station. From Alipurduar Railway Station they can hire a car to reach Buxa Tiger Reserve.

Questions may arise while planning to visit Buxa Tiger Reserve

Buxa Tiger Reserve is located in the Jalpaiguri District of West Bengal.
Buxa Tiger Reserve is famous for its dense forest, the iconic Buxa Fort, and many exquisite wild animals such as Asian Elephants, Gaur, Wild Buffalo, Hog Deer, and more.
There are only a few tigers in Buxa and their sightings are extremely rare. Recently on a camera trap, an adult male tiger was sighted.
It is actually unknown who built Buxa Fort. However, before the British Occupation, the fort was under the rule of the Bhutanese king.
Yes, it is said that during the Indian Freedom Movement, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was imprisoned here by the British.
From Kolkata, Buxa Tiger Reserve can be reached by Air, By Road, and even by Train. New Alipurduar Junction is the nearest Railway Station and the nearest airport is located at Bagdogra.

Places to visit in Dooars