From Ghum towards Tagda cantonment lays the small old settlement at an altitude of 3,700 ft Mongpu. Mongpu is also spelt Mongpoo. On the way towards Mongpu travellers will come across colourful flower nurseries, rolling virid tea gardens and streams with crystal clear water.
Mongpu is famous for the production of quinine a drug used for Malaria. Though the modern day artificial quinine caused in lesser production but still it is active source of income of this place. The vast area around Mongpu is full of Cinchona plantations. Quinine is extracted from dried cinchona barks. While entering Mongpu you may notice large constructions on the both side of the road. These constructions are made for drying up cinchona before extraction. In 1864 the Government Cinchona factory was established here. This is still running. Tourist can visit this factory without paying any entry fees and if proven lucky can witness the quinine extraction process. For students this factory demonstrates quinine extraction.
Just opposite to the factory you will find another famous thing of Mongpu. That is Rabindra Bhavan which is now known as Rabindranath Tagore Memorial Museum. Here you can witness the bed and the Mahogany desk used by Tagore. Apart from these original paintings and handwritten scripts of prose and verse by Tagore are on display. The poem 'Janmadin' (birthday) was written in this house by Tagore. This house was his summer residence. During 1938 to 1940 Tagore visited Mongpu 4 times. During his last visit he fell seriously ill.
Mongpu is also known for schools. There are 12 schools in Mongpu. As there are no such views of famous snow-capped mountain from Mongpu one can visit this place for serenity and to enjoy solitude far from the madding crowd. You can visit Dinchhen Sherap Choeling Gumba or Mongpu Monastery just above the market. You can also visit the Orchid centre 7 km from market to witness the variety of Orchids in this area.
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